2011 data of Area, Population and Literacy Rate by Paurashava of Bangladesh.
Bangladesh has 532 urban areas classified into eleven City Corporations and 318 Pourashavas (Municipalities) run by elected Pourashava councils. Pourashavas are further classified as A, B and C categories. Urban areas are categorized as larger city corporations or A, B, and C class Pourashavas based on the minimum of annual revenues collected over last three years. Class A being those with income of more than BD Tk 6 million, class Bwith more than BD Tk 2.5 million up to BD Tk 6 million income and class C with more than BD Tk 1 million up to BD Tk 2.5 million income.
About 60% of the urban population reside in the city corporations, while 40% live in porashavas. Urban areas are contained within only 10,600 Sq km (7%) of the country’s 147000 sq km, reflecting a high urban population density in 2011 of 4028 persons per sq km (compared with a much lower rural density of 790 persons)
Bangladesh reported a significant and impressive reduction in income poverty form 50% in by 1992 to 31.5% in2010. One of the fastest rates of decline recorded worldwide. Urban poverty likewise declined from 45% to 21.3% in 2010. With the massive revocation in poverty incidence, the absolute number of urban poor declined from 10million in 2005 to 9 million in 2010. Despite this, non-income poverty continues to be a challenge in the urban areas. Particularly the slums which are in desperate need of basic services and infrastructure.
Urbanization in Bangladesh has produced unplanned and uncontrolled urban growth, resulting is an acute shortage of Infrastructure, poor housing and transport, inadequate drinking water and lack of drainage and sewerage. Rapid growth of cities and towns is the greatest challenges of the twenty first century. Growing cities and towns faces challenges, which include, high percentage of people living in slums,expensive and dominance of the informal sector, inadequate urban basic services especially water, sanitation and energy, unplanned urban and peri-urban expansion, social and political conflict over land resources,high level of vulnerability to natural disaster and poor mobility system. If cities and town are to play their role as a driving force behind economies and social development, these challenges have to be addressed through effective planning and governance. Developing countries will need to expand their urban spaces by more than 300 percent by 2050. LGED Urban Management Unit take these challenges to assist the ULB’s with other stakeholders to improve the overall governance improvement as well as service delivery of the urban local bodies to improve the quality of life of urban people in our country.
For Detail http://www.paurainfo.gov.bd