Bangladesh lit. “The country of Bengal”), officially the People’s Republic of Bangladesh গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ is a nationalist country in South Asia.
Bangladesh is the world’s eighth most populous country. Dhaka is its capital and largest city, followed by Chittagong, which has the country’s largest port .
Bangladesh is a middle power and a developing nation. Listed as one of the Next Eleven, its economy ranks 46th in terms of nominal gross domestic product (GDP) and 29th in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP).
It is one of the largest textile exporters in the world. Its major trading partners are the European Union, the United States, China, With its strategically vital location between Southern, Eastern and Southeast Asia,
Bangladesh is an important promoter of regional connectivity and cooperation. It is a founding member of SAARC, BIMSTEC, the Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar Forum for Regional Cooperation and the Bangladesh Bhutan India Nepal Initiative. It is also a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Developing 8 Countries, the OIC, the Non Aligned Movement, the Group of 77 and the World Trade Organization.
In recent years, the economy of Bangladesh has been taking a extensive turn . Bangladesh’s economy has grown at a consistent, blistering rate of more than 6 percent, making it one of the fastest growing economies in the world.
Bangladesh is a winning combination of competitive market, business-friendly environment and competitive cost structure.
Today, the Bangladeshi economy stands at about $180 billion. According to the World Bank, and IMF that will rise to $322 billion by 2021, creating many more scalable investment opportunities. Its economy remained strong and resilient despite external and internal challenges. Bangladesh is among the top 12 developing countries with a population of over 20 million, who achieved 6 plus percent growth in 2016.
Bangladesh Military is one of the largest contributors to United Nations peacekeeping forces. In 2017 Bangladesh Ranked 2nd in UN Peacekeeping Missions.
The Greeks and Romans identified the region as Gangaridai, a powerful kingdom of the historical subcontinent, in the 300 BC. Bengal is a geopolitical, cultural and historical region in Asia, which is located in the eastern part of the Southeast Asia the apex of the Bay of Bengal.
Geographically, it is made up by the Ganges-Brahmaputra delta system, the largest such formation in the world; along with mountains in its north bordering the Himalayan states of Nepal and Bhutan and east bordering Burma.
Archaeological research has unearthed several ancient cities in Bangladesh, which enjoyed international trade links for millennia. The Bengal Sultanate and Mughal Bengal transformed the region into a cosmopolitan Islamic imperial power between the 14th and 18th centuries. The region was home to many principalities that made use of their inland naval prowess. It was also a notable center of the global muslin and silk trade. As part of British India, the region was influenced by the Bengali renaissance and played an important role in anti-colonial movements. The Partition of British India made East Bengal a part of the Dominion of Pakistan; and renamed it as East Pakistan. The region witnessed the Bengali Language Movement in 1952 and the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971
It shares land borders with India and Myanmar (Burma). Nepal, Bhutan and China are located near Bangladesh but do not share a border with it. The country’s maritime territory in the Bay of Bengal is roughly equal to the size of its land area. t.